Nufacturing of Tungsten Carbide Surfaces with Intense Put on ResistivityFlorian K n 1 , Michael Sedlmajer two , Joachim Albrecht 1, and Markus MerkelResearch Institute for Innovative Components (FINO), Aalen University, Beethovenstr. 1, D-73430 Aalen, Germany; [email protected] Institute for Virtual Item Improvement (ZVP), Aalen University, Beethovenstr. 1, D-73430 Aalen, Germany; [email protected] (M.S.); [email protected] (M.M.) Correspondence: [email protected]: Steel surfaces have already been coated with Co-based tungsten carbide (WC) in an additive printing course of action. This approach leads to compact and particularly mechanically stable surfaces. We performed tribological measurements using WC counter Nourseothricin site bodies beneath dry situations and severe mechanical load. Low coefficients of friction, even for rough surfaces, have been located and the resulting wear prices have been extraordinarily smaller, even when in comparison to Nimbolide supplier high-quality PVD film using a comparable composition. These findings recommend a wide field of application for this novel preparation course of action for wear-resistive surfaces. Keywords and phrases: additive manufacturing; tungsten carbide; friction; wearCitation: K n, F.; Sedlmajer, M.; Albrecht, J.; Merkel, M. Additive Manufacturing of Tungsten Carbide Surfaces with Intense Put on Resistivity. Coatings 2021, 11, 1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ coatings11101240 Academic Editor: Diego Martinez-Martinez Received: 19 August 2021 Accepted: 9 October 2021 Published: 13 October1. Introduction Additive manufacturing (AM) is often a powerful solution to make components with complex geometry without particular tooling. It is actually really effectively suited for extremely sophisticated functional components, for instance topology optimization, lightweight construction and cooling channels in injection moulds . AM is normally classified when it comes to its applications as fast prototyping, speedy tooling and speedy manufacturing. Further classifications might be determined with respect for the material (e.g., plastic, metal, ceramic) or the physical/chemical binding mechanism employed inside the approach. The so-called laser-powder bed fusion (L-PBF) method is a powder bed-based AM process and creates metal components by selectively exposing successive powder layers to a laser beam as the driving force for nearby solidification . It has been demonstrated that the mechanical properties of pretty much all out there components are anisotropic and rely on the position and orientation inside the installation space [5,6]. As a result of high energy input from the laser on a locally very modest location along with the fast cooling, high temperature gradients occur that result in residual stress and substantial deformations. To counteract this, the L-PBF process demands, amongst other points, support structures during the approach and heat treatment with the elements post-process [7,8]. Despite these challenges, lots of little series and prototypes show that the L-PBF course of action has established itself with standard supplies such as AlSi10Mg or 1.2709 tool steel . Surfaces which are exposed to mechanical forces frequently need further therapies or coatings to meet the demands of wear resistance and realize affordable life occasions. Standard processes that are employed for machinery elements and/or tools are plasma nitriding [10,11], electroplating and vacuum deposition of transition metal nitrides or carbides. Transition metal compounds for example CrN , TiAlN , MoN [14,15] and WC [16,17] exhibit outstanding resistances against put on.