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Nt panda habitats, as well as the stress of protection is also higher. 4. All-natural Resources Dependence Based on the above calculation of livelihood capital, this paper calculates the organic resource dependence of farmers’ livelihood, so as to clarify the dependence of neighborhood farmers’ livelihood on organic sources along with the interference degree on the giant panda habitat. four.1. Index Some scholars believe that given that all-natural sources are acquired or occupied, the worth added in the consumption, exchange, and sale could be the income of all-natural resources [17]. According to the financial qualities of the analysis location and the study basis of earlier scholars, the utilization of organic sources by BAY 1214784 custom synthesis farmers could be roughly divided into 3 utilizes: Earnings, self-sufficient meals, and power. Some scholars believe that a community’s dependence on all-natural sources includes 3 elements: The revenue obtained by using natural sources, the meals obtained from all-natural resources for families, and also the household power obtained by collecting firewood, which is defined as the natural resource dependence of earnings (Revenue dependence, ID), organic resource dependence of food (Food dependence, FD), and organic resource dependence of energy (Energy dependence, ED) [18]. For that reason, the following indicators are employed to measure the dependence of farmers on natural resources. Income dependence (ID) refers to the income obtained by farmers working with organic sources. It primarily incorporates agricultural XAP044 web merchandise planted in farmland and forest land, livestock products obtained from self-cultivation, and wild vegetables and Chinese herbal medicines collected in the field. The proportion of income obtained by the above means within the total revenue could be the earnings dependence [19]. Grazing in the field and collecting Chinese herbal medicines are important techniques for farmers to obtain income. These behaviors trigger the habitat from the giant panda to come to be much more fragmented and place higher pressure on the protection on the giant panda [20]. Food dependence (FD) refers towards the proportion of food (for example meals, poultry, livestock, vegetables, and so on.) obtained by farmers applying natural resources for household consumption in the whole loved ones. The farmers around the protected region rely as well heavily on nearby organic resources, so ecological protection is under excellent stress [21].Agriculture 2021, 11,7 ofEnergy dependence (ED) refers for the proportion of energy (firewood, straw, etc.) obtained by farmers from all-natural sources in total energy expenditure. The energy consumption of farmers is mostly reflected inside the day-to-day cooking and heating [22]. Firewood is an essential component of energy consumption in China’s rural locations. Obtaining firewood brings puts pressure on resource protection. Additionally to a modest amount of natural gas, farmers primarily rely on burning straw and cutting firewood. Cutting firewood will be the main power source, which seriously impacts the protection with the giant panda and its habitat [23]. 4.2. Degree of All-natural Resources Dependence and Its Regional Characteristics Typically speaking, the all-natural resource dependence of farmers around the giant panda protected land is usually high. Table 5 shows the all-natural resource dependence of farmers. The per capita revenue of farmers from organic sources is 2024.45 yuan, plus the average degree of revenue dependence is 27.91 , indicating that natural sources are an essential source of income for farmers within the study region [247]. The avera.

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Author: haoyuan2014