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Ournal ofEnvironmental Research and Public HealthArticleUse of Theory-Driven Report Back to Promote Lung Cancer Threat ReductionLuz Huntington-Moskos 1, , Mary Kay Rayens two , Amanda T. Wiggins two , Karen M. Butler 2 and Ellen J. Hahn1School of Nursing, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40504, USA; [email protected] (M.K.R.); [email protected] (A.T.W.); [email protected] (K.M.B.); [email protected] (E.J.H.) Correspondence: [email protected]: Huntington-Moskos, L.; Rayens, M.K.; Wiggins, A.T.; Butler, K.M.; Hahn, E.J. Use of Theory-Driven Report Back to Promote Lung Cancer Threat Reduction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Overall health 2021, 18, 10648. 10.3390/ ijerph182010648 Academic Editors: Carla Viegas and Elisabete Carolino Received: 11 August 2021 Accepted: four October 2021 Published: 11 OctoberAbstract: Report back is active sharing of investigation findings with participants to prompt behavior change. Investigation on theory-driven report back for environmental danger reduction is restricted. The study aim is usually to evaluate the (+)-Sparteine sulfate manufacturer influence of a stage-tailored report back approach with participants who had high house radon and/or air nicotine levels. An observational one-group pre-post style was used, with data collection at 3, 9, and 15 months post intervention. Participants in the parent study (N = 515) had been randomized for the therapy or control group and this sample included all 87 treatment participants who: (1) had elevated radon and/or air nicotine at baseline; and (two) received stage-tailored report back of their values. Short-term test kits measured radon; passive airborne nicotine samplers assessed secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Stage of Carbazeran References action was categorized as: (1) `Unaware’, (two) `Unengaged’, (three) `Deciding’, (four) `Action’, and (five) `Maintenance’. Interventions had been offered totally free, including in-person radon and SHS test kits and also a brief telephonic problem-solving consultation. Stage of action for radon mitigation and smoke-free policy increased from baseline to three months and remained steady between three and 9 months. Stage of action for radon was higher at 15 months than baseline. Amongst those with high baseline radon, observed radon decreased by 15 months (p 0.001). Tailored report back of contaminant values lowered radon exposure and changed the well being behavior essential to remediate radon and SHS exposure. Keywords and phrases: environmental exposure; information and facts sharing; danger reduction1. Introduction Lung cancer is the major reason for cancer death in the Usa and, globally, lung cancer deaths continue to rise [1]. A diagnosis of lung cancer is preventable primarily by means of the avoidance and elimination of tobacco smoke (key smoking behavior and secondhand smoke exposure) and radon exposure (radon infiltration from soil, water provide, and decay from constructing materials) [2]. Public awareness relating to the combined danger of exposure to tobacco smoke and radon continues to be low. Additional avenues to raise awareness and educate the public on synergistic threat (the threat resulting from combined exposure to secondhand smoke and radon) are needed [3]. The report back procedure will be the active sharing of findings with investigation participants [4]. The report back approach in environmental wellness science is applied to convey standard environmental well being ideas to participants, or within this case actual testing values, and to support danger reduction and optimistic overall health beha.

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Author: haoyuan2014